With the pension insurance of the Overseas Social Security, you save for your own retirement pension.
Just like the Belgian pension scheme, our insurance policy also supports your family if something happens to you, with:
- a survivor's pension for your widow or widower,
- an orphan's pension for your children, and/or
- possibly a pension for your divorced spouse.
Your retirement pension
The retirement pension is based on the capitalisation principle. This means that the amount depends on:
- the contributions you have made,
- the age at which you have started to make your contributions,
- how long you have contributed to the insurance policy, and
- the age at which you go on your pension.
Age at which you go on your pension
Normally, you go on your pension as soon as you are 65 years old. After that age, your pension will no longer be capitalised, unless you continue to make continuous contributions.
The minimum pension age is 60 years old. If you go on your pension between the ages of 60 and 65, the amount of your pension will be reduced according to your age.
Working as a pensioner?
As a retired expat, you may still do paid work without restriction. This does not make a difference for your pension.
If you are retired and you receive a retirement pension, survivor's pension or pension for a divorced spouse, you receive annual holiday pay. To benefit, you must have received the pension of the month of May of the year in question.
Please note: if you are a non-EU citizen with an 18b contract, you will not receive holiday pay.
Amount of holiday pay
The amount of the holiday pay may never exceed the amount of the pension of the Overseas Social Security for the month of May of the current year. If other institutions pay your holiday pay, that amount will be deducted from your OSS holiday pay. If you still have a professional activity, this income also has an impact on the amount of holiday pay (in French)(.pdf-New window).
Maximum amount according to the index of 2020
The maximum holiday pay for a family is €1,080.16. You receive this if you are married and your spouse does not work and has no income (retirement pension, survivor's pension or similar, unemployment benefit, sickness or disability allowance).
For a single person, the maximum amount is €864.13.
If your spouse was affiliated with the Overseas Social Security and dies, you will receive a survivor's pension.
Calculation of the survivor's pension
The survivor's pension is a percentage of the retirement pension of the deceased spouse. This percentage depends on the age and situation of the deceased and the age difference between the spouses.
The calculation is made based on:
- The age of the deceased spouse at the time of their death:
- 45 years or older: the surviving spouse who is the same age receives 60% of the retirement pension.
- younger than 45 years: the surviving spouse receives at least 45% and a maximum of 60% of the retirement pension, depending on the age difference.
- The age difference between the spouses:
- If the deceased spouse is younger, the percentage increases.
- If the deceased spouse is older, the percentage falls.
- If the two spouses are 65 years old at the time one of them dies, the age difference has no impact.
- The situation of the deceased spouse at the time of their death. If the deceased had not yet retired at the time of their death, several situations are possible.
- Death after 65 years old: the percentage is calculated on the basis of the pension to which the pensioner would have been entitled at the age of 65 if they no longer pay contributions. If they still pay contributions, the percentage is calculated on the basis of the pension at the time of death.
- Death before 65 years old:
- The deceased spouse no longer pays contributions: the calculation is made on the basis of the pension they would have received at the age of 65, taking into account the contributions paid.
- The deceased spouse paid at least one year of contributions (different periods can be assimilated): the calculation is made by fictively assuming that they have paid contributions up to the age of 65, with a maximum of 20 years of payments.
- The deceased spouse paid less than one year of contributions: the amount is calculated on the basis of the contributions actually paid, except where the death was due to an accident.
Survivor's pension and marriage
If you were married when your spouse was already a pensioner, then one year must have passed between the marriage and the death of your spouse. You therefore receive a survivor's pension from a marriage of one year or more.
Are you remarrying? Then you continue to receive the pension. You can also take on paid work – this does not affect the amount of your survivor's pension (except if it is a survivor's pension based on contributions paid during the colonial period).
If one of your parents was affiliated to the Overseas Social Security and dies, you can receive an orphan's pension. You can combine your orphan's pension with child benefits.
The orphan's pension is paid to each child of the deceased insured person and is not shared between them.
Who is eligible?
The following children are eligible:
- legitimate children, adopted children, children born out of wedlock legally recognised by the insured person, and
- legitimate children of the spouse of the insured person, if the father or mother is deceased and the Overseas Social Security does not give them any benefits from the Solidarity and equalization fund.
You receive an orphan's pension when:
- your father or mother was affiliated to the Overseas Social Security and died, and
- you are younger than 18 years old, or
- you are younger than 25 years old, and
- you are in full-time education, or
- you have a recognised apprenticeship contract.
Calculation of the orphan's pension
The calculation depends on the situation of your deceased insured parent.
- If your deceased parent was married at the time of their death, your orphan's pension amounts to one third of the pension that a surviving spouse of the same age would have received. If your other parent also dies, the percentage rises to half that pension.
- If your deceased father or mother was widowed, single or divorced, your orphan's pension is 25% of his or her pension. If your deceased parent had not yet retired, we use the pension a fictitious surviving spouse would have received as our basis.
Moreover, did the insured person pay contributions for our insurance policy for more than 10 years, or did they die while still paying contributions for at least one year? Then as an orphan, you will receive a supplementary payment depending on the number of years of participation of your deceased parent.
Pension for a divorced spouse
You may be entitled to a pension as an ex-spouse. However, you must meet the following conditions:
- You are Belgian or a national of another member state of the EEA or Switzerland, or divorced from someone with this nationality,
- you are 65 years old,
- you have not remarried, and
- for men: your divorce dates from after 31/12/2006.
Calculation of the pension for a divorced spouse
Your 'pension for a divorced spouse' is 56.25% of the retirement pension your ex-spouse receives or would have received at the age of 65. This amount is not deducted from the pension of your ex-spouse. He or she will continue to receive their pension in full.
For this calculation we only count the periods in which you lived together and in which your ex-spouse made contributions.
If you receive a personal pension for the same periods, this amount will be deducted from your pension for a divorced spouse.
You do not live together anymore, but your divorce is not official? Then you are still married in the eyes of the Overseas Social Security. Spouses receive half of the retirement pension awarded to their partner, and personal benefits such as the person's own pension are deducted from this.